Data for ARS comes from many sources:

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Most of the sources used are from a single, short-term, whole-body dose of radiation either done intentionally or unintentionally. Some of these are:
  • Experimental animal data: From fruit flies to primates
  • Accidents in industry and labs: Oak Ridge criticality in waste drum
  • Pacific Testing Ground accidents: Rongelap Islanders downwind from Bikini Atoll tests
  • Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Sixty plus years of data from the Hiroshima Institute
  • Medical exposures involving total-body or near total-body radiation for cancer or other reasons: Intentional irradiation of Walla Walla state prison inmates to see effects on the gonads
  • Chernobyl: Rescue personnel who sacrificed their lives to stem release of material to the environment.
  • You can find information on these incidents on the web and in published literature.


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